Meditating inside a Cave was prevalent in ancient Kashmir. Hindus believed that mountain caves more specifically Himalayan caves were the abode of Shiva. Many Yogis , Saints , Hermits, Sadhus and later highly revered holy men of Reshi cult practiced it . Shaiva scholar Acharaya Abhinavgupta along with more than 1200 followers is believed to have marched insidethe Bhairva cave in kashmir for meditation and never returned thereafter .
Nund Rishi or Sheikh Noor Ud Din Alamdaar e Kashmir of Tsraar Sharif or Baba Zain Ud Din Wali of Aishmuqaam also meditated inside caves .Baba Shukar Din ( His shrine overlooks wular lake in Kashmir ) is also reported to have meditated inside a cave.
During Buddhist period, Monks meditated inside caves. Cave meditation was also practiced by Buddhist Monks in Ladakh and Tibet. Rishis believed in peaceful coexistence, humanism and non violence. The evolution of a Khraav or wooden sandal in Kashmir is a proof if it. The lower surface of the Khraav had minimum contact with ground so that no creatures would be put to harm upon it’s use.The followers of a Reshi would give due respect to the Khraav or wooden sandal of their Guru. No Reshi walked with bare feet.Even to this day, the Khraav of Reshi Peer (Ali Kadal) or Swami Ram Ji of Fateh Kadal is preserved and revered by his followers.