Jammu and Kashmir needs splits at pre-Dogra rule status | By Promod Puri

Historically the present geopolitical formation of the region of Jammu and Kashmir happened in the middle of the 19th century.

Sikh ruler, Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed the territories of Jammu region in 1819, and then sold it to his Dogra commander Gulab Singh in 1820, and crowned him the King.

In 1834 Gulab Singh annexed the kingdom of Ladakh, and in 1846 the Kashmir region was ceded to the Dogra king under a treaty with the British government, who then was ruling most of the sub­ continent.

Dogra dynasty ruled the state for almost a hundred years. Under the Dogra rule, the state comprised a huge territory of over two million sq. km., touching boundaries of Afghanistan in the north, China in the north and east, Pakistan in the west and India in the South.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir under India’s control, as it was till splitting into two two union territories in 2019, is extensively diverse: linguistically, culturally, religiously and geographically.

From these historical and basic facts, it is obvious that the region of Jammu and Kashmir, including the regions governed by Pakistan, was never ever a single entity, linguistically and culturally.

It is from this perspective that the entire region should be divided politically on the basis of its separate identities to restore their pre-Dogra rule status.

Keeping them together is a political experiment that has so far failed.

The separation of the Ladakh region from the state as a union territory by the government of India is the right move for its independence from the rest of the state.

Same can be applied to the Jammu region. It may seem a bit complicated because Jammu’s identity lies with Azad Kashmir area rather than Kashmir.

Anyway, if that merger ever happens then Jammu can be a separate state as well.

And Kashmir will be separated altogether to have its “Azadi” finally.

(Promod Puri resides in Vancouver, Canada, originally from Jammu. He is a journalist, writer and author of Hinduism beyond rituals, customs and traditions. Websites: and

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